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's first cities in places like sumer in ancient mesopotamia. but how did farming begin in the new world ? when scotty macneish first came to the tehuacan valley in 1962, he was seeking the answer to one simple question -- did agriculture evolve here or was it introduced from the old world ? then we'll measure out from the corners. keach: in a stratum of the purron cave that had been laid down thousands of years later than those in which he found the hunters and gatherers, macneish made a discovery that exceeded all expectations. macneish: this is a corn cob, and it's a real little one. keach: it may have looked insignificant, but the shriveled ear dated to about 5000 b.c. it was the earliest evidence of farming ever discovered in the new world. since corn is a staple crop, it would have allowed a nomadic hunting/gathering way of life to evolve into a settled agricultural one. corn slowly evolved in the new world from tiny ears, like the one macneish discovered, to the size we know today. like staple crops of the old world, such as wheat and barley, corn has a wonderful property. corn ca
that archaeologists call the first cradle of civilization. today the ruins of these once grand cities crumble in the dry desert earth. but how could civilization have emerged in such an arid environment in the first place ? and what might have caused its destruction ? data from mashkan shapir provide clues. stone: we found a very large palace structure, which was decorated with baked clay pieces, showing the city's own god -- nergal, the god of death. zimansky: there was a large temple area, in which we found pieces of sculpture -- lifesize and somewhat smaller -- of animals, human beings, all of which were probably part of the temple furniture. keach: they also found fish hooks, weights to hold down nets and fish spears -- all evidence there was once water here. written tablets like these describe mashkan shapir as a major port. but the city was 20 miles from the tigris river and 30 miles from the euphrates. how could a major inland port or any city, for that matter, survive in the desert so far from water ? stone begins a search for the source of water. for a perspective not possible from t
-city tour. first return to venezuela or president hugo chÁvez has won his fourth presidential election, defeating challenger henrique capriles in a race widely seen as chÁvez's strongest challenge since his first victory in 1998. chÁvez 154% of the vote, with henrique capriles gaining just under 45%. tens of thousands celebrated in the streets of the capital caracas after the results were announced. chÁvez held a replica of the sword of independence hero simon boulevard during the victory celebration. at a rally of the presidential chalice, chÁvez reached out to the political opposition and called for unity among venezuelans. >> to those to promote hate, to those to promote social poison, to those or always tried to deny all the good things that happen in venezuela, i invite him to dialogue, to debate, and to work together for venezuela. for the bulgarian people, for the bolivarian venezuelan. that is why i start by sending these greetings to them and extending these two hands and hearts to them, in the name of all of us because we are brothers. >> venezuelan he president hugo chÁ
of some areas. i am also ordering all of the city's public schools be closed on monday. first as to the evacuations. we are ordering this evacuation for the safety of approximately 375,000 people who live in these areas. if you live in these areas, you should leave them this afternoon. >> with just over a week before the election, but president obama and republican challenger mitt romney have scaled back campaigning as hurricane sandy approaches. the two campaigns have cancelled a combined 17 events and suspended fundraising emails in states that lie in the storm's path. on saturday, president obama rallied supporters in new hampshire, where he criticized romney's record as governor of the neighboring massachusetts. >> during governor romney's campaign down there, he promised the same thing he is promising now. he said he would fight for jobs and middle-class families. but once he took office, he pushed through a tax cut that overwhelmingly benefit 278 of the wealthiest families in the state, and then he raised taxes and fees on middle-class families to the tune of $750 millio
goodman. san rafael, california, on our 100-city tour of the community media center of marin. its first live, global broadcast. we turn now to a major new investigation by shane bauer, one of three americans detained in 2009 while h in iraq's kurdish region near the iranian border. he and joshua fattal were held for 26 months, and sarah shourd, now shane's wife, was held for 13 months, most of it in solitary confinement. seven months after being freed from prison in iran, shane bauer began investigating solitary confinement in the year ended states. now his first major article since his release, he finds california prisoners are being held for years in isolation based on allegations they're connected to prison gangs. evidence against them might include possession of "black literature" or writings about prisoners' rights. shane's report appears on the cover of the new issue of " mother jones" magazine. it is called, "solitary in iran nearly broke me. then i went inside america's prisons." this figure report that goes with the article documents shane bauer's journey to california's pelica
and peace report. i'm amy goodman. we are on the road it on a 100- city tour. on the eve of the first presidential debate, president obama and romney are being heard to address -- urged to address the problem of gun violence. wednesday's debate takes place 10 miles away from the columbine shooting and 15 miles away from the movie theater where 15 people were killed in july. a new bipartisan ad created by survivors of recent massacres is set to air nationally. the aid is called "demand a plan" and features a man who survived the shooting. >> i was shot in the face and neck, but i was lucky. in the next four years, 40,000 americans will not be so lucky, because they will be murdered with guns. enough to fill 200 theaters. when you watch the presidential debates, ask yourself, who has a plan to stun gun violence? let's demand a plan. >> early this morning, i came back from blacksburg, va., from virginia tech, and spoke with a survivor from another massacre. his name is colin goddard. he was shot four times during the 2007 virginia tech massacre that left 32 people dead. he now works for
had helped capture jerusalem in the first crusade. henri's branch of the family came from the red-brick city of albi in the south of france. henri grew up in a world of chateaus and privilege in a family living on the fruits of its noble past. but a france governed by the middle class was losing its taste for nobility. like many aristocrats, his father alphonse retreated into rural pastimes-- riding and hunting. an eccentric, he looked wistfully back to the family's glorious past. alphonse had married his first cousin adele, a common practice in a class anxious to preserve the purity of its bloodlines. but the results of inbreeding for henri were uncommonly cruel. his legs were short and weak. he broke each of them in early adolescence and stopped growing when he was 14. he was just under five feet tall. his head, hands and torso continued to develop. but his stunted legs made walking painful for the rest of his life. denied the aristocratic pleasures of riding and hunting, henri turned to sketching and painting rural scenes. he had a flair for it and in 1882, at the age of 18, he
. the thieves have their rights, man, you know?" and other thing is we get so used to it, so used to it. first, the bar on this one as ain't before, you know, the whole city is a barricade, you know? something that happens slowly, slowly, slowly, you get used to and you accept. it's like the nuclear missiles, right? first a few, right? then a few more, then a few more gradually they-- living in a whole world ready to blow up and well, you kinda get used to it. [laughter] small enough doses. something happens in san francisco at fisherman's wharf all the time that kinda bothers me. it's like auschwitz there. auschwitz. you get down there you wanna get your crabs, you wanna get your lobsters or you go to fisherman's wharf and you wanna order a nice lobster dinner. now how do you-- what do you think that-- with that lobster you're eating, what do you suppose-- the fate of that lobster is before you eat it? they come out and say, "hey, do you want this one here?" and this old charlie go like this, you know, "hey, hey, not me, not me." [laughter] and take you on your charlie's. what do they do to t
, from the very first ancestor, from the founder of the copan dynasty. keach: archaeologists now believe that each city across the maya realm was ruled by its own king. this was not a single empire like the aztecs created, but hundreds of independent kingdoms existing side by side. but what power did these kings have, and how did they use it ? the royal precinct of copan is a kind of manmade acropolis, supporting enormous pyramids and temples. in its day, each building and plaza would have been coated with white plaster and painted in bright colors. maya kings had the ability to organize and manage the construction of great buildings. these projects consumed much of the kingdom's available resources and served to express the control the king had over his subjects. archaeologist robert sharer. obviously, these buildings were not built by the kings or even the members of the elite, although we can expect that there were architects and craftsmen who were members of the elite class who planned these and may have done some of the detailed work to decorate these. but the basic labor, the movin
. that doesn't for our broadcast as we continue our 100-city tour. tune in on wednesday night for special coverage of the first presidential debate. president obama and presidential nominee mitt romney square off. democracy now! will be broadcasting live from denver with a special expanded presidential debate. we will air the debate, pausing after the questions and answers from the candidates, to include responses from our live guests in denver. gil stein of the green party and rocky anderson of the justice party. you can watch our broadcast in person wednesday night in denver. that is all coming up on wednesday night. we will begin our broadcast at 8:30 p.m. eastern time. we will be at the central presbyterian church on sherman street in denver. the election 2012 silent majority tour continues tonight and virginia tech. tuesday night i will be in boulder, colorado. thursday night, colorado springs. and then over the weekend, we continue in crested butte, telluride, and during go. -- durango. "la femme fetal" by digable planets. democracy now! is looking for feedback from people who appre
the shudder of world's." less than a month after the first atomic bomb test, the u.s. dropped a uranium bomb known as little boy over the japanese city of hiroshima, killing up to 130,000 people. three days later, fat man, a plutonium bomb, was detonated over nagasaki. later in his life, j. robert oppenheimer, often called the father of the atomic bomb, warned the public about its terrifying power. in a 1965 television broadcast he reflected on witnessing the first test nuclear explosion 20 years earlier. >> people laughed and people cried. i remember reading from the hindu scripture, "the destroyer of debt, a destroyer of worlds." i guess we all thought felt that way one another. >> to robert oppenheimer, developed the only two atomic bombs dropped on cities, nagasaki and hiroshima. today, los alamos national laboratory is the nation's foremost nuclear weapons lab. los alamos is only part of the nuclear story of new mexico. the state's long history of uranium mining on native american lands provides fuel for the front end of the nuclear industry. it is also published it also stores much of
as the pharaoh's last resting-place. they were the first stop on a long night's journey to everlasting life. by 1550 bc, power had shifted to a n kingdom 500 miles south in the ancient city of thebes, now called luxor. to the west, in the hills beyond the nile's west bank, the royal tombs of the valley of the kings were cut into limestone cliffs. their interiors are richly decorated with hieroglyphs and paintings-- signs and symbols that detail the necessary steps to attain immortality. egypt's power and the grandeur that came with it were well-established by 2500 bc when the great pyramids at giza were built. the sphinx was a philosophy of government set in stone. it depicted the king as fearless, cunning and brave as the lion. and as crucial to egypt as the nile itself. the king was not just a political leader but a religious leader too. in the minds of the ancient egyptians, the pharaoh's power and authority as a king stretched far beyond the boundaries of his country-- and into the cosmos itself. after death, he would escape the earthly bounds of his tomb, board a solar boat and sail in
mayor of salt lake city. and in rocky mount, virginia, constitution party nominee virgil goode, the former six- term congressman who was first elected as a democrat and later switched to the republican party. we are reairing parts of last as presidential debate, pausing to give third-party candidates a chance to respond the same questions put to republican mitt romney and democrat president barack obama. we return to debate moderator candy crowley of cnn. >> lorraine osarios has a question for you. >> how are you doing? romney, what are your -- what you plan on doing with immigrants without their green cards and are currently living here as productive members of society. >> thank you. thank you for your question. let me step back and tell you what i would like to do with our immigration policy broadly and include an answer to your question. first of all, this is a nation of immigrants. we welcome people coming to this country as immigrants. my dad was born in mexico of american parents. my wife's that was born in wales and is a first-generation american. we welcome legal immigr
!," democracynow.org, the war and peace report. i'm amy goodman. we are on our 100-city tour, broadcasting from albuquerque, new mexico. vice-president joe biden and republicangress member and vice presidential nominee paul ryan squared off in the first and only vice presidential debate thursday night with a series of lively exchanges over domestic and foreign policy. joe biden was seen as playing a more aggressive role in a debate that saw sharp critiques on both sides. topics ranged from medicare and abortion to iran. the deadly attacks on the u.s. embassy in libya featured prominently in the debate with ryan criticizing the administration over what he said was a lack of embassy security. >> imposing these devastating defense cuts for it what that does when we equivocate we sho'e cutting our own defense, it makes us more weak. when we look weak, our adversaries are much more willing to test us, more brazen in their attacks and allies are less -- >> with all due respect, that is a bunch of malarkey. >> why is that so? what's not a single thing is correct. be specific. security in his budget by
in our 100- city tour in minneapolis. voters in maine, maryland, and washington will decide on november 6 whether to recognize same-sex marriage, potentially marking the first time such marriages are legalized by popular vote. meanwhile, here in minnesota, opponents of same-sex marriage hope minnesota will become the latest data passed -- to pass a constitutional amendment defining marriage as a union between a man and woman, effectively banning same-sex marriages. a yes vote on the minnesota ballot would prohibit laws to legalize gay marriage. the group minnesota for marriage is spearheading efforts to pass the amendment. >> marriage as the union of a man and woman has served society well for thousands of years. marriage is more than a commitment between to loving people. it was made by god for the creation in care of the next generation. marriage is an issue that should be decided by the people. voting yes secures traditional marriage in the constitution and insures@y the voters can determine the definition of marriage in the future. please, vote yes on the marriage protectant amendment
, she was standing with some help for the first time this morning. she is communicating very freely. she is writing. she has a tube in because her way was swollen by the passing of the bullet. >> of violence continues to flare in the panamanian city of colon and its protests over the sale of state-owned land to private companies. on monday, police fired gunshots to disperse demonstrators who had blocked roads. the shootings followed days of protests that saw least three deaths last week, including a 9- year-old boy who died when police opened fire. the honduras supreme court has struck down a proposal for a number of so-called private cities with their own tax and justice systems. wealthy landowners have pushed the plan, drawn opposition from human rights groups. the honduran justices ruled the establishment of private jurisdictions outside of honduran law would violate the constitution. former president jimmy carter is accusing the israeli government of abandoning any effort to reach a peace deal with the palestinians. speaking during a visit to israel and the occupied west bank, presid
Search Results 0 to 15 of about 16

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